Mesothelioma cancer

Mesothelioma cancer

In this blog, we will try to give you a very quick rundown about what is Mesothelioma cancer, what are its types and symptoms plus, what types of treatments are available for this disease.

Mesothelioma is that type of cancer that occurs in Mesothelium which is a protective, thin layer around thoracic and abdominal cavities and also nearby heart to protect it. This thin layer is present on most of the body organs and works as a protective shield against any tissue damage.

Mostly, Mesothelioma cancer occurs in the pleural mesothelium of the chest cavity but this is not the case that always takes place because sometimes this disease also affects the abdominal cavity that presents nearby heart.

This disease is considered as the most unsafe form of cancer and the dangerous thing about this disease is that it doesn’t have any cure. In fact, according to some internet sources it has been stated that the five-year survival rate of this disease is around 5% to 10% only. A number of patients lost their lives as a result of respiratory failure or pneumonia.

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The exposure of asbestos is one of the common cause of pleural mesothelioma and soon when these asbestos fibers breathed in, they pass through the small air openings and spread in pleura where they start causing inflammation and injuries.

Signs and Symptoms Of Mesothelium

Mesothelioma is a very chronic disease and it has several symptoms which vary by type and stage. However, there are some symptoms which people mostly take as common but these symptoms are likely to occur for few months before the patient’s diagnosis.

Symptoms of pleural mesothelioma:

  1. chest or lower back pain
  2. Shortness of breath
  3. Cough
  4. Fever
  5. Too much sweating
  6. Fatigue
  7. Instant Weight loss
  8. Trouble swallowing (feeling like food gets stuck)
  9. Hoarseness
  10. Swell face and arms

Symptoms of peritoneal mesothelioma:

  1. Abdominal pain
  2. Swelling or fluid in the abdomen
  3. Instant Weight loss
  4. Nausea and vomiting
  5. Constipation

Treatment Options of Mesothelioma

Mesothelioma have several treatment options but all these options are mainly depend upon several factors which include cancer type, health and age. Here are the most common treatment plans for cancer:

  • Surgery

Surgery can be effective for those patients who get diagnosed in an initial stage of this cancer. Surgery can help for removing almost all or most of the tumor. Depending upon the location of tumor, surgery can remove mesothelial lining, one or more lymph nodes or part of other organs.

  • Chemotherapy

Chemotherapy medications attack fast-growing cells, such as cancer cells. Mostly, used in combination with surgery, chemotherapy can destroy any leftover mesothelioma cells that the surgeon was unable to take out physically.

  • Radiation Therapy

The targeted radiation can shrunk the mesothelioma and makes it easier to remove it through surgery. As per the tumor location, the radiation can be passed by means of an external or an internal source.